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Volume 4 – The Alchins of Linton by Steve Green

Part 4 – Alchins of Linton, Kent; Montcalm, Michigan; and Dalton, NSW

Sarah Hamment Staines 1840-1873

Sarah Hamment Staines 1840-1873

Introduction

Like the Alchins of Leybourne, Ditton, Meopham and East and West Malling, the Alchin family of Linton in Kent were probably descended from the Alchorne family of Rotherfield.  Between 1550 and 1700 the surnames of Alchin and Alchorne were often interchangeable and usually depended on whether the family was living in Kent or Sussex. This family was quite well to do with property holdings spread over a large area south and west of Maidstone in Kent.

Over the centuries the younger sons and their descendants were gradually reduced to menial occupations such as agricultural labourers and timber workers. It seems that this branch of the family may have moved from Rotherfield in the late 17th or early 18th centuries. A possible genealogy chart for this branch of the Alchin's follows:

A possible genealogy chart for this branch of the Alchin's

                   

The first of the family to migrate to Australia, Ambrose Alchin (1801 – 1877) was a gardener and tree cutter of Staplehurst. He therefore followed a similar trade to many of his cousins at Meopham and East Malling only a few miles away. It seems likely that the families are related although the common link goes back before 1700 when records are not always complete.

Ambrose Alchin settled his large and fast growing family at Jerrawa, located between Yass and Gunning in the Southern Highlands of NSW. This area was staunchly Methodist and at one stage the authorities suggested that the village be re-named Wesleytown but they never carried through with the idea.

For the next 100 years Ambrose's descendants married and inter-married, largely with the other Methodist families in the district. They  enthusiastically followed the Bible's stricture to "go forth and multiply" and by 1920 Ambrose had at least 530 descendants with the main concentrations at Dalton / Gunning, Cootamundra and Wagga. The Alchins are linked to other local prolific families such as Atkins, Waters, Bush, Hazell, Southwell, Bayley, Ginn, Howard, Wales, Brown, Edgerton, Noakes, Gorham, Perceval, Masters, Medway, Pollard, Johnson, Apps, Butt, Thorn, Wheatley, Hutchinson, Lanham and Dowling to name but a few.

Although no direct link has yet been established, apart from what is probably a common origin at Rotherfield in Sussex, there is reason to believe that the families are related although very distantly. In support of this theory are two photographs reproduced below – one is a present day descendant of  Thomas Alchin of Leybourne and the other a present day descendant of Edmund Alchin of Linton. Their resemblance is striking!

A striking resemblance – on the left a descendant from the Meopham branch of the Alchins and on the right a descendant of the Linton branch of the Alchins

1  ~~  Edmund Alchin

Edmund was reputedly born at Linton, Kent, (although his family probably originated in Rotherfield, Sussex) a few miles south of Maidstone, on 23rd October 1707. He is believed to be the son of Edmund Allchorne (Alchin) and Mary Ashbourne who were married at Rotherfield in 1685 – if so then he was probably their youngest child. To date this claim has not been tested. Edmund Alchin junior married Elizabeth Gilbert – she was baptised at Boughton Monchelsea on 15th January 1709.

Edmund and Elizabeth had at least eight children including – John (1729), Edmund (1834), Elizabeth (1736), Thomas (1741), William (1744) and Richard (1747). The baptism record of four of their children has survived and the existence of two other children,  Elizabeth and Edmund who were born in the 1730s, is only known from Edmund's will. There were probably several other children born between 1730 and 1740 and it may be that the parish registers for that period have not survived.

Edmund's will shows that he was a reasonably substantial property owner with properties at Linton, Sutton Vallence, Marden, Boughton Monchelsea and Staplehurst – these are all villages located within several miles of Maidstone. The properties included land, dwellings, oast houses (for drying hops), outbuildings and barns.

Elizabeth died at Boughton Monchelsea on 6th January 1779 aged about 70 years. When Edmund died at Boughton Monchelsea on 19th June 1790 aged about 83 years he left most of his property to his three younger sons - William, Thomas and Richard.

1.1  ~~  John Alchin

John was baptised at St Nicholas' church, Linton on 9th November 1729. There is also a record of the baptism of "John Alchin son of Edmund and Elizabeth Alchin" at nearby Boughton Monchelsea on 14th March 1731. Perhaps the first John had died or perhaps he was baptised for a second time in his mother's native parish.

There is no record of John marrying and he may have been the black sheep of the family. His father's will in 1790 left him none of the properties and only an annuity of 6 pounds per year to be paid to him by his younger brother Thomas. It would not be at all surprising if he had migrated to America. There is however no further trace of hin or any of his descendants.

1.2  ~~  Edmund Alchin

Edmund was born in about 1731 according to information on the Alchin family in a book on the pioneers of Jerrawa, NSW titled "Branching Out" by E.G. Hazell. I have not yet been able to confirm this. Edmund married Mary Butler at Linton on 17th November 1760 after the publication of the banns. The witnesses to the ceremony were James Bodiam and Samuel Britcher. Edmund and Mary had at least one child – Elizabeth (1763).

An Edmund Alchin was buried at All Saints' church, Maidstone on 16th February 1778. He would have been about 47 years of age.

1.2.1  ~~  Elizabeth Alchin

Elizabeth was baptised at St Nicholas' church, Linton on 20th February 1763. She married Samuel Cork (Cook) at Staplehurst on 16th April 178?. Edmund Alchin's will of 1790 left the sum of 1 guinea to "my granddaughter Elizabeth, wife of Samuel Cook".

1.3  ~~  Elizabeth Alchin

Elizabeth was baptised at Boughton Monchelsea on 17th October 1736. Elizabeth Alchin married James Bodiam at Linton on 12th January 1756. James was from Otham and he was a witness at the wedding of two of his brothers in law (Edmund Alchin & Thomas Alchin – both in 1760).

1.4  ~~  Thomas Alchin

Thomas was baptised at St Nicholas' church, Linton on 14th February 1741. He married Elizabeth Loudwell at Linton on 5th May 1760. One of the witnesses at their wedding was Thomas' brother in law James Bodiam. Elizabeth Loudwell was born in about 1740. Thomas and Elizabeth reputedly had fourteen children, eight girls and six boys, including – Rebecca (1762), John (1764), Mary (1768), Thomas (1771), Elisabeth (1773), William (1775), Sarah (1777), Charles (1778), Edmund (1780), Ann (1782) and Sara (1783). The baptism records for the other children have not survived.

Thomas was left the bulk of his father's estate upon his death in 1790. Edmund's will, of which Thomas was one of the executors, left him the tenement, barn, oasthouse, outhouses and buildings and several parcels of land totalling 10 acres at Horsefield Bridges; two tenanted dwellings at Marden and three dwellings at Boughton Monchelsea with a codicil to the latter that an annuity of 6 pounds per annum was to be paid to his eldest brother John.

Elizabeth died at Linton on 1st January 1804 aged about 63 years. Thomas lived to the grand old age of 86 years. He was buried at Linton on 10th March 1827. He left a will (PRO reference PROB 11/1818) on which probate was not granted until 8th July 1833. His eldest surviving son was left a derisory bequest with the bulk of his estate going to a younger son and the children of his dead eldest daughter. Perhaps there was a legal challenge to the will. Thomas was described in the will as a Yeoman of Linton.

"This is the last Will and Testament of me Thomas Alchin of Linton in the County of Kent Yeoman First I do nominate constitute and appoint my son Charles Alchin and my Grandson Edward Eversfield joint Executors of this my Will and I direct that all my just debts funeral costs testamentary expenses be in the first place paid satisfied out of my personal property And I give and bequeath unto my aforesaid son Charles Alchin all my disposable property situate at Linton and Boughton Monchelsea for …….. where to him and his heirs and assigns for ever I give and bequeath unto my aforesaid Grandson Edward Eversfield and to my Granddaughter Rebecca Eversfield all my household furniture plate linen …………. (my wearing apparel excepted) I give and bequeath unto my son Thomas Alchin all my wearing apparel and the sum of one hundred pounds of lawful money of England to be paid him by my Executors at their direction I give and bequeath unto my daughter Mary Sloman (?) the sum of thirty two pounds per annum to be paid by my Executors by quarterly payments the first payment to be made three months next after my decease I give and bequeath unto my aforesaid Executors the sum of three hundred pounds of lawful money of England upon Trust and confidence that they my said Executors will dispose of the aforesaid sum according to the intent herein after mentioned (that is to say) to equally divide the aforesaid three hundred pounds between the surviving children of my son Edward Alchin when the youngest child attains the age of twenty one years the before mentioned three hundred pounds is not to be paid or divided between the children of my said son Edward Alchin unless they sign the deeds of a farm sold to John Sharpe situate at Marden in Kent aforesaid I give and bequeath unto my aforesaid Executors the sum of one hundred pounds of lawful money of England upon trust as before stated for John Alchin son of my son William Alchin to be paid him by my Executors when he attains the age of twenty one years if he should not attain the age of twenty one years the said one hundred pounds to be equally divided between my surviving children I give and bequeath unto my children Ann Ashby the sum of ten pounds per annum to be paid by my Executors by quarterly payments the first payment to be made three months next after my decease and at the decease of my aforesaid daughter Ann Ashby I give and bequeath unto her children the sum of one hundred and fifty pounds of lawful money of England to be divided by my Executors equally between them share and share alike if any money should remain after paying as before directed the overplus to be equally divided between my aforesaid Executors share and share alike and I do hereby authorise and empower my said Executors and each of them at all times and occasions whatsoever to reimburse themselves out of my property all costs charges and expenses whatsoever which they or either of them shall pay expend or be put unto in or about the execution of this my Will or any thing relating thereto And lastly hereby revoking all former Wills by me made I declare this only to be and contain my last Will and Testament In witness whereof I the said Thomas Alchin the Testator have to this my last Will and Testament contained on two sheets of paper to the first sheet have set my hand and to the second and last my hand and seal this twenty sixth day of November in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and twenty six The mark of Thos Alchin Signed sealed published and declared by the said Thomas Alchin the Testator as and for his last Will and Testament in the presence of us who in his presence and in the presence of each other at his request have subscribed our names as witnesses E. Mills, Loose Sara Woodhall Linton John Rogers Loose Kent

Proved at London the 8th July 1833 before the Worshipful William ………  ………… Dr of Laws and Surrogate by the oath of Charles Alchin the son one of the Executors to whom Admon was granted having been first sworn duly to administer. Power reserved of making the like grant to Edward Eversfield the Grandson the other Executor when he shall apply for the same."

1.4.1  ~~  Rebecca Loudwell Alchin

Rebecca was baptised at St Nicholas' church, Linton on 28th November 1762. Rebecca married Edward Eversfield at Linton on 17th January 1785. Edward was baptised at Linton on 3rd May 1754, the son of Edward and Martha Eversfield. Edward and Rebecca had at least five children – Edward (1786), Rebecca (1789), Ann (1790), Mary (1791) and John (1795).

Their children were orphaned at a very young age when their parents died within a month of each other. Edward died in late 1794 aged 40 years and he was buried at Linton on 16th December 1794. Rebecca probably died from complications arising from childbirth. She was just 32 years old and she was buried at Linton on 13th January 1795.

1.4.1.1  ~~  Edward Eversfield

Edward was born at Linton in 1786 and he was baptised at St Nicholas' church, Linton on 2nd April 1786 He was orphaned before his 8th birthday and he was probably raised by his maternal grandparents as a result. Edward was made an Executor and beneficiary of his grandfather's will in 1826. In middle age Edward married Abigail; she was born at Loose in 1796.

Edward and Abigail had at least two children – Edward (1833) and John (1835). The 1841 census records that Edward was of independent means and he and his wife and their two sons were living at Harding Farm, Linton. Living with Edward and his family was his spinster sister Rebecca Eversfield.

The 1851 census records that Edward and Abigail were living alone (there is no record of their sons anywhere in the 1851 census) at Linton. Edward was an annuitant, probably from the proceeds of the bequests left to him by his father and grandfather. It seems that Edward never worked and lived all his life off his ancestor's assets to such an extent that his descendants slipped inexorably into poverty and obscurity.

Edward probably died in 1860 aged about 74 years (Maidstone 1860 December qtr Volume 2a Page 263). Abigail died in 1861 aged about 65 years (Maidstone 1861 December qtr Volume 2a Page 283).

1.4.1.1.1  ~~  Edward Eversfield

Edward was born at Linton in 1833 and he was baptised at St Nicholas' church, Linton on 6th January 1834. The 1841 census records that Edward was living with his parents at Harding Farm, Linton. He is not recorded in the 1851 census and he may have been away at school.

Edward married Laodicea; she was born at Mayfield in Sussex in 1835. Edward and Laodicea had at least four children – Rose (1856), Edward (1859), Charles (1861) and Hedley (1864). The 1861 census records that Edward was a grocer and draper and he and his wife and their three children were living at Wateringbury Street, Wateringbury.

The 1871 census records that Edward was working as a brewer's clerk and he and his wife and their four children were living at 38 Standen Street, Tonbridge. Edward died at Tonbridge in 1877 aged only 43 years (Tonbridge 1877 March qtr Volume 2a Page 339). The 1881 census records that Laodicea was a widowed beer retailer and grocer and she and her three children and two grandchildren were living at 39 Little Mount Sion Street, Tonbridge.

The 1891 census records that Laodicea was living with three of her children and a grandchild at 4 Calverley Street, Tonbridge. Laodicea died in 1900 aged 65 years (Tonbridge 1900 March qtr Volume 2a Page 592).

1.4.1.1.1.1  ~~  Rose Eversfield

Rose was born at Wateringbury in 1856. The 1861 census records that the young girl was living with her family at Wateringbury Street, Wateringbury. The 1871 census records that Rose was living with her parents at 38 Standen Street, Tonbridge. Rose probably had a natural born child – Daisy (1877). Rose is not recorded in the 1881 census although her daughter was living with her grandmother.

The 1891 census records that Rose was living with her widowed mother at 4 Calverley Street, Tonbridge. Rose was probably pregnant with her second natural born child – Mabel (1891). Rose married Thomas Peirce in 1894 (Camberwell 1894 September qtr Volume 1d Page 1439); he was born at Lamberhurst in 1858 and he had three children from a previous marriage.

Thomas and Rose had at least two children – Arthur (1896) and Elsie (1898). The 1901 census records that Thomas was a busdriver and he and his wife and their six children were living at Church Road, Ticehurst. Rose's youngest brother Hedley was also living with them.

1.4.1.1.1.1.1  ~~  Daisy Eversfield

Daisy was born at Chalvington, Sussex in 1877 (Lewes 1877 September qtr Volume 2b Page 175). The 1881 census records that the young girl was living with her grandmother at 39 Little Mount Sion Street, Tonbridge. The 1891 census records that the school girl was living with her mother and her grandmother at 4 Calverley Street, Tonbridge.

Daisy married either William Anstey or Herbert Arthur Porter in 1900 (Tonbridge 1900 March qtr Volume 2a Page 979).

1.4.1.1.1.1.2  ~~  Mabel Florence Eversfield

Mabel was born at Tonbridge in 1891 (Tonbridge 1891 September qtr Volume 2a Page 682). The 1901 census records that the school girl was living with her mother and step father at Church Road, Ticehurst.

1.4.1.1.1.1.3  ~~  Arthur Edward Peirce

Arthur was born at Ticehurst in 1896 (Ticehurst 1896 June qtr Volume 2b Page 109). The 1901 census records that the young boy was living with his family at Church Road, Ticehurst.

1.4.1.1.1.1.4  ~~  Elsie Rose Peirce

Elsie was born at Ticehurst in 1898 (Ticehurst 1898 September qtr Volume 2b Page 112). The 1901 census records that the young girl was living with her family at Church Road, Ticehurst.

1.4.1.1.1.2  ~~  Edward Herbert Eversfield

Edward was born at Wateringbury in 1859 (Malling 1859 June qtr Volume 2a Page 359). The 1861 census records that the young boy was living with his family at Wateringbury Street, Wateringbury. The 1871 census records that the school boy was living with his family at 38 Standen Street, Tonbridge.

Edward married Hannah Jeffreys in 1879 (Tonbridge 1879 December qtr Volume 2a Page 1050); she was born at St Pancras in London in 1860. Edward and Hannah had at least seven children – Edward (1880), Herbert (1884), Charles (1886), Ivy (1888), Lilian (1890), Philip (1892) and Dorothy (1893).

The 1881 census records that Edward was a clerk and assistant in a music shop. He and his wife and their young son were living with his widowed mother at 39 Little Mount Sion Street, Tonbridge. The 1891 census records that Edward was a clerk in a music shop and he and his wife and five of their children were living at 15 Crescent Road, Tonbridge.

The 1901 census records that Edward was a managing clerk and he and his wife and six of their children were living at 15 Princes Street, Tonbridge. Edward died in 1909 aged 49 years (Tonbridge 1909 March qtr Volume 2a Page 581).

1.4.1.1.1.2.1  ~~  Edward Stanley Eversfield

Edward was born at Tonbridge in 1880 (Tonbridge 1880 June qtr Volume 2a Page 633). The 1881 census records that the 13 month old infant was living with his extended family at 39 Little Mount Sion Street, Tonbridge. The 1891 census records that the school boy was living with his family at 15 Crescent Street, Tonbridge.

1.4.1.1.1.2.2  ~~  Herbert Egland Eversfield

Herbert was born at Tonbridge in 1884 (Tonbridge 1884 September qtr Volume 2a Page 649). The 1891 census records that the school boy was living with his family at 15 Crescent Street, Tonbridge. The 1901 census records that Herbert was apprenticed as a stationer and he was living with his parents at 15 Princes Street, Tonbridge.

1.4.1.1.1.2.3  ~~  Charles John Eversfield

Charles was born at Tonbridge in 1886 (Tonbridge 1886 March qtr Volume 2a Page 701). The 1891 census records that the school boy was living with his family at 15 Crescent Street, Tonbridge. The 1901 census records that Charles was a clerk and he was living with his parents at 15 Princes Street, Tonbridge.

1.4.1.1.1.2.4  ~~  Ivy Constance M. Eversfield

Ivy was born at Tonbridge in 1888 (Tonbridge 1888 September qtr Volume 2a Page 641). The 1891 census records that the young girl  was living with her family at 15 Crescent Street, Tonbridge. The 1901 census records that the school girl was living with her family at 15 Princes Street, Tonbridge.

1.4.1.1.1.2.5  ~~  Lilian Louise Eversfield

Lilian was born at Tonbridge in 1890 (Tonbridge 1890 September qtr Volume 2a Page 665). The 1891 census records that the 9 month old infant was living with her family at 15 Crescent Street, Tonbridge. The 1901 census records that the school girl was living with her family at 15 Princes Street, Tonbridge.

1.4.1.1.1.2.6  ~~  Philip Claud Eversfield

Philip was born at Tonbridge in 1892 (Tonbridge 1892 June qtr Volume 2a Page 688). The 1901 census records that the school boy was living with his family at 15 Princes Street, Tonbridge.

1.4.1.1.1.2.7  ~~  Dorothy Eversfield

Dorothy was born at Tonbridge in 1893 (Tonbridge 1893 September qtr Volume 2a Page 698). The 1901 census records that the school girl was living with her family at 15 Princes Street, Tonbridge.

1.4.1.1.1.3  ~~  Charles John Eversfield

Charles was born at Wateringbury in 1861 (Malling 1861 September qtr Volume 2a Page 377). The 1871 census records that the school boy was living with his family at 38 Standen Street, Tonbridge. The 1881 census records that Charles was a blacksmith and he was living with his widowed mother at 39 Little Mount Sion Street, Tonbridge.

The 1891 census records that Charles was a coach painter and he was living with his mother at 4 Calverley Street, Tonbridge.

1.4.1.1.1.4  ~~  Hedley Vicars Eversfield

Hedley was born at Mereworth in late 1864 or early 1865 (Malling 1865 March qtr Volume 2a Page 458). The 1871 census records that the school boy was living with his family at 38 Standen Street, Tonbridge. The 1881 census records that the school boy was living with his widowed mother at 39 Little Mount Sion Street, Tonbridge.

The 1891 census records that Hedley was a grocer's porter and he was living with his mother at 4 Calverley Street, Tonbridge. The 1901 census records that Hedley was living with his married sister Rose Peirce at Church Road, Ticehurst. He appears to have had no occupation at the time.

1.4.1.1.2  ~~  John Eversfield

John was born at Linton in 1834 and he was baptised at St Nicholas' church, Linton on 16th December 1834. The 1841 census records that John was living with his parents at Harding Farm, Linton. Like his brother Edward, John is not recorded in the 1851 census and he may have been away at school.

The 1861 census records that John was a draper and he was living with his brother Edward at Wateringbury Street, Wateringbury. John is not recorded in any subsequent English census.

1.4.1.2  ~~  Rebecca Eversfield

Rebecca was baptised at St Nicholas' church, Linton on 8th February 1789. It appears that Rebecca never married. She was the beneficiary of her grandfather's will proved in 1833 -  "I give and bequeath unto my aforesaid Grandson Edward Eversfield and to my Granddaughter Rebecca Eversfield all my household furniture plate linen…".

The 1841 census records that Rebecca was unmarried and she was living with her brother Edward and his family at Harding Farm, Linton. Rebecca died at Linton in 1849 aged 60 years (Maidstone 1849 March qtr Volume 5 Page 282) and she was buried there on 22nd January 1849.

1.4.1.3  ~~  Ann Eversfield

Ann was baptised at St Nicholas' church, Linton on 18th July 1790. Ann died at the age of 5 months and she was buried at Linton on 3rd August 1790.

1.4.1.4  ~~  Mary Ann Eversfield

Mary Ann was baptised at St Nicholas' church, Linton on 14th June 1791.

1.4.1.5  ~~  John Eversfield

John was born at Linton in early January 1795 and he was baptised at St Nicholas' church, Linton on 22nd February 1795. His mother had died a couple of weeks earlier and this almost certainly ensured his own death. John died aged 14 weeks and he was buried at Linton on 14th April 1795.

1.4.2  ~~  John Loudwell Alchin

John was baptised at St Nicholas' church, Linton on 23rd September 1764. John died on 20th July 1780 aged 15 years. He was buried at Linton on 30th July 1780.

1.4.3  ~~  Mary Alchin

Mary was baptised at St Nicholas' church, Linton on 19th December 1768. Mary probably married a man named Sloman and was left an annuity, of 32 pounds to be paid in equal quarterly instalments, by her father.

Mary probably died (her husband predeceased her) at Maidstone in 1834 aged 66 years and she was buried at Langley on 28th August 1834.

1.4.4  ~~  Thomas Alchin

Thomas was baptised at St Nicholas' church, Linton on 21st July 1771. After the publication of the banns on 3rd, 10th and 17th April 1791 he married Sarah Grant at St Michael's church, Chart Sutton on 28th May 1791. The ceremony was performed by Rev'd J. Gambier and the witnesses included Elizabeth Moseley. Sarah Grant was born at Chart Sutton in about 1770.

Thomas and Sarah had a son John who was born at Chart Sutton (1791) a few months prior  to their wedding. They had at least twelve other children – Thomas (1792), Charles (1794), William (1796), Anne (1798), Ambrose (1800), Sara-Sophia (1802), Rebecca (1805), Elizabeth (1807), Thomas (1809), Mary (1811), John (1817) and Lucy (1818).

These children were probably born in various parishes near Maidstone – Chart Sutton, Linton, Boughton Monchelsea and Staplehurst. Thomas probably moved to Boughton Monchelsea after his father inherited his brother's properties there in 1813. Although most census records only commenced in 1841 there had been earlier census taken by parish officers with much less detail and with only fragmentary survival of the records.

Luckily the 1811 and 1821 census for the parish of Boughton Monchelsea still survives. The 1821 census (taken in May 1821) records that there was a family of Alchins at Boughton Monchelsea comprising 3 males and 3 females – it was probably this family headed by Thomas Alchin.

When Thomas Alchin senior wrote his will in 1826 he bequeathed to his son and namesake his wearing apparel and 100 pounds but  despite Thomas being the eldest son most of the properties went to his younger brother Charles and his dead elder sister's children. Unfortunately the will was not proven until 1833 and Thomas would never have seen his inheritance (perhaps the delay was due to a dispute over the will).

Thomas died at Chart Sutton in early 1832 aged 60 years and he was buried at Staplehurst on 20th January 1832. Sarah died on 11th August 1847 aged 77 years (Hollingbourne 1847 September qtr Volume 5 Page 191). She was buried in the churchyard of St Michael's and All Angels, Chart Sutton.

1.4.4.1  ~~  John Grant (Alchin)

John was baptised at St Michael's church, Chart next Sutton on 30th January 1791. The baptism register reads "John Alchin son of Sarah Grant and Thomas Alchin of Linton". His parents married four months later. There is no further record of this boy.

1.4.4.2  ~~  Thomas Alchin

Thomas was baptised at St Nicholas' church, Linton on 21st October 1792. In September 1802 Thomas was drowned aged only 10 years. There is an entry in the Staplehurst (?) parish records which records the manner of his death:

                "A man unknown aged 21 was drowned and by the coroner's warrant was buried September 8th. Thomas Alchin aged 10 of this parish was drowned with the above man unknown and by the coroner's warrant was buried September 8th. Registered September 8th by me H. Grove, Rector."

Another boy born in 1809 was given the dead boy's Christian name by his parents.

1.4.4.3  ~~  Charles Alchin

Charles was born at Linton on 15th August 1794 and he was baptised at St Nicholas' church, Linton on 31st August 1794. Just before his 18th birthday, Charles married Mary Meades at Linton on 3rd August 1812. The banns had been published on 19th and 26th July and 2nd August 1812 and the witnesses to their wedding were Edward Meades and John Gilbert.

Charles had at least thirteen children from at least two marriages. He and Mary had at least eight children who were born at Staplehurst in Kent – Mary (1813), Sarah (1815), Jane (1816), Charles, Mary and Thomas (all baptised in 1823), Rebecca (1826) and Stephen (1829). The baptism register records that Charles was a labourer of Staplehurst. There is no trace of the family in the parish records after 1830.

There does not appear to be any record of Charles' children in the 1841 to 1901 English census and it is almost certain that the surviving members of the family emigrated to America in about 1830. Charles and Mary probably had at least two more children after their arrival in New York – Edward (1832) and William (1834).

The 1840 US census records that Charles and his wife and five of their sons (not named) were living at Orleans County, New York. Mary must have died in the 1840's as Charles subsequently married Phebe L. Simmons; she was born in New York in about 1824.

Charles and Phebe had at least three children – Adelida (1851), Alzena (1854) and Ambrose (1865). There were probably several other children who did not survive infancy. Charles and his family (and many of his descendants) appear to have been missed by the 1850 US census. Soon after his second marriage Charles moved his family to Michigan. Charles and his children and grandchildren tended to congregate together – firstly in New York State (Barre) and then in Michigan (Bushnell).

The 1860 census records that Charles was a farmer and he and his wife, two of his children from his second marriage and a grandson (Nelson Staines) were living at Bushnell, Montcalm County. His real estate was valued at $1,000 and his personal assets at $350. Two of his married sons from his first marriage were living on neighbouring farms and his married daughter and some of his grandchildren were living in either Montcalm or neighbouring counties.

The 1870 census records that Charles was a farmer and he and his wife and their three children were still living at Bushnell. He had real estate valued at $3,000 and personal assets of $700. He now had three of his married sons from his first marriage living on neighbouring farms as well as a large number of married grandchildren who were also living nearby.

Charles died of congestion of the lungs at Bushnell on 17th November 1878 (Michigan 236/127) aged 84 years. He was buried at Sunnyhill Cemetery, Montcalm County. The 1880 census records that Phoebe was widowed and she was living with her son Ambrose (next door to her step-son Stephen Alchin) at Bushnell.

1.4.4.3.1  ~~  Mary Ann Alchin

Mary was baptised at All Saints' church, Staplehurst on 18th April 1813. She died aged 4 years and she was buried at Staplehurst on 29th April 1817.

1.4.4.3.2  ~~  Sarah Alchin

Sarah was baptised at All Saints' church, Staplehurst on 22nd January 1815. She emigrated to the United States with her parents and siblings in about 1830. Sarah married Robert Staines in New York State on 31st October 1833 in a double ceremony (her sister Jane also married Robert's brother William); Robert was born in England in about 1810 the son of William Henry Staines and Hannah Fleet.

Robert and Sarah had at least nine children – Nelson (1835), Anna (1837), Thomas (1839), Charles (1841), Sarah (1842), Mary (1845), William (1847), George (1849) and John (1852). Like other members of their family there is no surviving record of Robert and Sarah in the 1850 census. Sarah died on 24th March 1852 and she was buried at Love Cemetery, Mathes Road, Barre in Orleans County, New York.

Robert subsequently married Emily Stafford in New York; she was born in New York in October 1811. The 1860 census records that Robert was a farmer with real estate valued at $2,500 and personal assets worth $1,756. He and his second wife, seven of his children and two of his wife's children were all living at Barre, Orleans County. Robert's brother William Staines and his family were living on the neighbouring property.

Robert died at Mathes, Orleans County on 3rd December 1861 aged about 51 years and he was buried with his first wife at Barre. At the time of his death he owned 50 acres at Barre. The 1880 census records that Emily was widowed and she was living with the families of her son and step-son at Barre.

Emily died on 9th December 1899 aged 88 years and she was buried with her husband and his first wife in Love Cemetery, Mathes Road, Barre.

1.4.4.3.2.1  ~~  Nelson Staines

Nelson was born in New York State in September 1835. Nelson moved to Michigan, probably ahead of his parents in the 1850's. The 1860 census records that Nelson was a farmer with real estate valued at $600 and personal assets valued at $100. He was still a bachelor and he was living with his grandfather at Bushnell, Montcalm County in Michigan.

Nelson served in the Union Army during the American Civil War. He enlisted on 15th October 1861 and he was assigned as a Private in D Company of the 9th Michigan Volunteers. Nelson was discharged on 21st July 1862 due to a heart condition (carditis).

After his discharge Nelson married Hartsire Seborn in 1862 and they had one child – Mary (1863). Hartsire must have died in childbirth as Nelson married Caroline (Carrie) later in 1863; she was born in Michigan in 1844. Nelson and Carrie had at least two children - Perry (1868) and Minnie.

The 1870 census records that Nelson was a carpenter and he and his wife and their two children were living at Orleans in Ionia County, Michigan. Nelso owned no real estate and his personal assets were only worth $150. The 1880 census records that Nelson was a carpenter and he and his wife and their two children were living at Battle Creek, Calhoun County.

The 1890 Veterans census records that Nelson was unable to work on account of ill health arising from his service in the Union Army. He was living at Bedford, Calhoun County at the time. The 1910 census records that Nelson was an electrician and his wife was a matron in the Battle Creek Sanitorium.

The 1920 census records that Nelson was widowed and he was living with his daughter Mary Foy at the sanitorium at Bedford, Calhoun County. Nelson died in 1920 aged 85 years.

1.4.4.3.2.1.1  ~~  Mary Fay Staines

Mary was born at Fenwick, Michigan on 21st April 1863. The 1870 census records that the school girl was living with her family at Orleans, Ionia County. The 1880 census records that the school girl was living with her family at Battle Creek, Calhoun County.

Mary married a man named Foy whom she later divorced. The 1920 census records that Mary was the superintendent of nurses at the sanitorium at Bedford, Calhoun County.

1.4.4.3.2.1.2  ~~  Perry Staines

Perry was born in Michigan in 1868. The 1870 census records that the young boy was living with his family at Orleans, Ionia County. Perry is recorded twice in the 1880 census. Firstly with his family at Balle Creek, Calhoun County and secondly at the sanitorium on Washington Street, Battle Creek. He may have had TB perhaps.

Perry married Jennie in 1891; she was born in Ohio in 1872. There is no surviving record of Perry in the 1900 or 1910 census. The 1920 census records that Perry was a chiropractor and he and his wife were living at West Point, Clay County, Mississippi.

Perry is again recorded twice in the 1930 census. Firstly as a chiropractor with his wife and sister in law (Rose Wilson) at West Point. They owned their own home valued at $5,000. Perry is recorded again as a chiropractor at Columbus, Lowndes County, Mississippi where he was renting a place for $25 per month.

1.4.4.3.2.1.3  ~~  Minnie Staines

Minnie was probably born in Michigan in the 1870's. Nothing more is known of her and she must have died in infancy as she is not recorded with the rest of her family in the 1880 census.

1.4.4.3.2.2  ~~  Anna Maria Staines

Anna was born in New York State on 30th June 1837. Anna married James Haysmer at East Barre, Orleans County, New York on 16th February 1856; he was born in Staplehurst, Kent on 14th January 1833 the son of Edward Haysmer and Mary Ann Fairman. No doubt the Alchin and Haysmer families would have known each other in Staplehurst and they may even have been related.

James and Anna had at least ten children – Sarah (1856), Mary (1859), Albert (1861), Nettie (1863), Nora (1867), Fern (1870), Nelson (1872), Lottie (1877) and Nina (1880) They also adopted a son – Arnel (1895). This boy may have been a grandson and he may also have been known as Earl.

The 1860 census records that James was a farmer and he and his wife and their two young children were living at Bushnell, Montcalm County in Michigan. James had real estate valued at $200 and personal assets worth $150. James served with the Union Army during the American Civil War.

The 1870 census records that James was a farmer and he had real estate valued at $900 and personal assets worth $300. He and his wife and their six children were still living near other family members at Bushnell. The 1880 census records that James was a stone mason and he and his wife and their eight children were living at Bushnell.

The 1900 census records that James was a farmer and he and his wife, their two unmarried daughters and their adopted son were still living at Bushnell. At the time eight of the couple's nine children were still alive. James died at Bushnell on 1st October 1908 aged 75 years. He is buried at Sunnyhill Cemetery, Montcalm County.

The 1910 census records that Anna was widowed and of private means. She and her daughter and adopted son were living at Bushnell. Anna died on 9th April 1923 aged 84 years.

1.4.4.3.2.2.1  ~~  Sarah E. Haysmer

Sarah was born in Michigan on 3rd December 1856. The 1860 census records that the young girl was living with her family at Bushnell, Montcalm County. The 1870 census records that the school girl was living with her family at Bushnell. The 1880 census records that Sarah was an unmarried school teacher and she was living with her parents at Bushnell.

Sarah married James H. Thompson at Greenville, Montcalm County on 26th April 1883. James and Sarah had at least one child - Clare (1887). They adopted another child – Susie (1896). James died before 1910 as the census of that year records that Sarah was a widow and she and her two children were living at Quincy, Branch County.

1.4.4.3.2.2.1.1  ~~  Clare Thompson

Clare was born in Michigan in 1887. The 1910 census records that Clare was unmarried and had no occupation. He was living with his widowed mother at Quincy, Branch County.

1.4.4.3.2.2.1.2  ~~  Susie M. Thompson

Susie was born in Michigan in 1896 and she was adopted by James and Sarah Thompson. The 1910 census records that the school girl was living with her adopted mother at Quincy, Branch County.

1.4.4.3.2.2.2  ~~  Mary Jane Haysmer

Mary was born in Michigan on 8th March 1859. The 1860 census records that the young girl was living with her family at Bushnell, Montcalm County. The 1870 census records that the school girl was living with her family at Bushnell. The 1880 census records that Mary (Jane) was an unmarried school teacher and she was living with her parents at Bushnell.

1.4.4.3.2.2.3  ~~  Albert James Haysmer

Albert was born in Michigan on 12th May 1861. The 1870 census records that the school boy was living with his family at Bushnell. The 1880 census records that Albert (no occupation is recorded) was living with his parents at Bushnell.

Albert married Lola L. in 1888; she was born in Michigan in 1865. Albert and Lola had three children – Adolphus (1891), Clyde (1898) and another child who died in childhood. At least one of their children was born in the West Indies and Albert may may been a missionary.

The 1910 census records that Albert was a a church minister and he and his wife and their two surviving children were living at Nashville, Davidson County in Tennessee.

1.4.4.3.2.2.3.1  ~~  Adolphus Haysmer

Adolphus was born in Michigan in 1891. The 1910 census records that Adolphus was living with his parents at Nashville, Davidson County in Tennessee.

1.4.4.3.2.2.3.2  ~~  Clyde A. Haysmer

Clyde was born in the West Indies in 1898. He returned to America with his family before 1910. The 1910 census records that the school boy was living with his family at Nashville, Davidson County in Tennessee.

1.4.4.3.2.2.4  ~~  Nettie J. Haysmer

Nettie was born in Michigan on 1st October 1863. The 1880 census records that Nettie was living with her parents at Bushnell. Nettie married a man named Wilson.

1.4.4.3.2.2.5  ~~  Nora Haysmer

Nora was born in Michigan on 31st October 1867. The 1870 census records that the young girl was living with her family at Bushnell. The 1880 census records that the school girl was living with her family at Bushnell. Nora married a man named Anderson.

1.4.4.3.2.2.6  ~~  Fern R. Haysmer

Fern was born in Michigan on 24th January 1870. The 1870 census records that the 6 month old infant was living with her family at Bushnell. The 1880 census records that the school girl was living with her family at Bushnell. The 1900 census records that Fern was an unmarried school teacher and she was living with her parents at Bushnell.

The 1910 census records that Fern was an unmarried school teacher and she was still living with her widowed other at Bushnell. The 1920 census records that Fern was still a spinster and she was living with her sister and brother in law (Nina and Arthur Atteberry) at Huntsville, Madison County, Alabama.

1.4.4.3.2.2.7  ~~  Nelson E. Haysmer

Nelson was born in Michigan on 2nd May 1872. Nelson died before 1880.

1.4.4.3.2.2.8  ~~  Lottie E. Haysmer

Lottie was born in Michigan on 27th December 1877. The 1880 census records that the young girl was living with her family at Bushnell. The 1900 census records that Lottie was an unmarried dressmaker and she was living with her parents at Bushnell.

Lottie married her cousin Charles H. Staines at Montcalm County on 20th November 1901. Charles was born in New York on 8th March 1874 the son of William Henry Staines and Selena Young. The 1910 census records that Charles was a farmer and he and his wife were living at Bushnell.

The 1920 census records that Charles was a farmer and he and his wife were still living at Bushnell. The couple had no surviving children. The 1930 census records that Charles was a farmer and he and his wife continued to live on their farm at Bushnell.

Charles and Lottie both died in 1961. Charles was aged about 87 years and Lottie was aged about 83 years. The couple are buried at Sunnyhill Cemetery, Montcalm County.

1.4.4.3.2.2.9  ~~  Nina Belle Haysmer

Nina was born in Michigan on 3rd January 1880. The 1880 census records that the 4 month old infant was living with her family at Bushnell. Nina is not recorded with the rest of her family in the 1900 census. Nina married Arthur Nathan Atteberry in 1906; he was born at Keenville, Wayne County, Illinois on 10th December 1882 the son of Francis Marion Atteberry and Elizabeth Mills.

Arthur and Nina moved all over the country in the following decades. The 1910 census records that Arthur was a nurse (graduate) and he was working in a sanitorium at Rhea, Tennessee. The 1920 census records that Arthur was the Principal of an Academy and he and his wife were living at Caldwell, Canyon County, Idaho.

The 1930 census records that Arthur and Nina were teachers in a private school and they were renting a house for $15 per month at Huntsville, Madison County, Alabama. Nina's elder sister Fern was living with them at the time.

Arthur and Nina had no children. Nina died at Dade County, Georgia on 16th January 1956 aged 76 years. Arthur died at Livingstone, Columbia County, New York in October 1973 aged 90 years.

1.4.4.3.2.2.10  ~~  Arnel W. Haysmer

Arnel (possibly known also as Earl) was born in Michigan in May 1895 and was adopted by James and Anna Haysmer some time afterwards. The 1900 census records that the young boy was living with his adoptive family at Bushnell, Montcalm County. The 1910 census records that the school boy was living with his widowed mother at Bushnell.

 

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