Volume 1 - An Affinity For Wood - Steve Green's History of the Alchin Family

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Volume 5 – Kent and Beyond by Steve Green

Part 5 - Sawyers of the East India Docks – The Descendants of William Alchin and Ann Knock of Meopham ... continued...

1.3.1.5.  ~~  Anthony Alchin

Anthony and his twin brother Edwin were born at Croydon in 1857 (Croydon 1857 September qtr Volume 2a Page 150). Anthony died at Croydon in the following year (Croydon 1858 June qtr Volume 2a Page 59).

1.3.1.6.  ~~  Edwin Charles Alchin

Edwin and his twin brother Anthony were born at Croydon in 1857 (Croydon 1857 September qtr Volume 2a Page 150). The 1861 census records that the school boy was living with his family at Summer Road, Croydon. Edwin died at Croydon in 1863 aged 6 years (Croydon 1863 June qtr Volume 2a Page 114).

1.3.1.7.  ~~  Herbert William Alchin

Herbert was born at Croydon in about 1860 (Croydon 1860 June qtr Volume 2a Page 153). The 1861 census records that the toddler was living with his family at Summer Road, Croydon. The 1871 census records that the school boy was still living with his family at the same address.

The 1881 census records that Herbert was unmarried and he was living with his parents at 26 Summer Road, Croydon. He was assisting his father with his timber business. Herbert married Charlotte Weston in 1886 (Croydon 1886 December qtr Volume 2a Page 381). Charlotte was born at Downton, Wiltshire in 1866.

Herbert and Charlotte had at least two children – Charlotte (1887) and Herbert (1893). The 1891 census records that Herbert was an undertaker (this was probably an offshoot from the family timber business) and he and his wife and their daughter were living at 94 Canterbury Road, Croydon.

The 1901 census records that Herbert was a timber merchant and undertaker. He and his family were living at 51 Summer Road, Croydon. Also living with them was a 26 year old unmarried nephew Horace Weston (born at Deptford, Kent) who was employed as Herbert’s assistant. The family also employed a young female servant, Alice Lord. It appears that their only son died at the age of 10 years.

Herbert died in 1931 aged 71 years (Croydon 1931 June qtr Volume 2a Page 422).

1.3.1.7.1.  ~~  Charlotte Weston Alchin

Charlotte was born at Croydon in 1887 (Croydon 1887 December qtr Volume 2a Page 286). The 1891 census records that the young girl was living with her family at 94 Canterbury Road, Croydon. Charlotte is not recorded with her family in the 1901 census and she may have been away at school or visiting relatives.

Charlotte married in 1910 (Croydon 1910 September qtr Volume 2a Page 548).

1.3.1.7.2.  ~~  Herbert William Alchin

Herbert was born at Croydon in 1893 (Croydon 1893 September qtr Volume 2a Page 244). The 1901 census records that the school boy was living with his parents at 51 Summer Road, Croydon. Tragically Herbert died at Croydon at the age of 10 years (Croydon 1904 September qtr Volume 2a Page 141).

1.3.1.8.  ~~  Harriett Edith Alchin

Harriett was born at Croydon in 1865 (Croydon 1865 June qtr Volume 2a Page 167). The 1871 census records that the school girl was living with her family at Summer Road, Croydon. The 1881 census records that she was living with her parents at 26 Summer Road, Croydon. The 1891 census records that Harriett was unmarried and she was living with her parents at 29 Oakfield Road, Croydon.

Harriett married Alfred Thomas Woods in 1894 (Croydon 1894 June qtr Volume 2a Page 384); he was born at Clapham in 1864. Alfred and Harriett had at least one child – Enid (1895). The 1901 census records that Alfred was a clerk in a public company and he and his wife and their child were living at 29 Oakfield Road, Croydon – the former home of Harriett’s late parents.

1.3.1.8.1.  ~~  Enid E. Woods

Enid was born at Croydon in 1895. The 1901 census records that the school girl was living with her family at 29 Oakfield Road, Croydon.

1.3.1.9.  ~~  Percy Charles Alchin

Percy was born at Croydon in 1867 (Croydon 1867 March qtr Volume 2a Page 173). The 1871 census records that the young boy was living with his family at Summer Road, Croydon. The 1881 census records that Percy was a school boy and he was at boarding school at Ewell, Surrey.

The 1891 census records that Percy worked as a shipping clerk. According to his elder brother (see the letter above), Percy visited Australia at least once. Percy probably died in Devon in 1949 aged 82 years (Barnstaple 1949 March qtr Volume 7a Page 335).

1.3.2.  ~~  Charlotte Alchin

Charlotte was born at Croydon in 1827. The 1851 census records that she was staying with her cousins John and Emma Alchin at Biddenden. The 1861 census records that she was a spinster. Charlotte was a school mistress and she lived with her widowed mother at 4 West Street, Croydon.

Charlotte may have died at Croydon in 1864 when she would only have been 37 years old (Croydon 1864 June qtr Volume 2a Page 112). Her younger sister Fanny died soon afterwards.

1.3.3.  ~~  Anthony Holliwood Alchin

Anthony was born in either 1829 or 1834 (different dates provided by two descendants) but the earlier date is probably correct as his brother John was born in 1834. Anthony was still single when he migrated to South Australia aboard the vessel “Duke of Portland” arriving at Adelaide from London on 3rd August 1850 (he travelled in steerage class).

Anthony married Elizabeth Parker at St Barnabas’ church, Clare on 2nd December 1856 (SA 1856 Book 28 Page 412). The ceremony was conducted by Rev’d William Wood and one of the witnesses was an innkeeper of Clare. At the time of their marriage both the bride and groom were residents of Mount Remarkable. Elizabeth was born at Currie Street, Adelaide on 10th April 1842, the daughter of James Parker and Elizabeth Mepham (she was from Goudhurst in Kent). Elizabeth was baptised at Trinity church, Adelaide on 6th May 1842.

Anthony and Elizabeth had five children – Ann (1858), Charlotte (1859), Albert (1860), William (1861) and Anthony (1863). The two eldest children were born at Clare, the third child at Bundaleer and the two youngest at Hahndorf. Like most of his kinsmen, Anthony was a carpenter and he moved around a fair bit in search of work. Anthony finally settled his family at Paratoo near Burra although later branches of the family settled mainly around Jamestown.

Anthony died of heart disease at Aberdeen, District of Burra on 3rd May 1876 (aged 47 years according to the SA BDM index and 42 years according to his death certificate and the burial register). At the time of his death Anthony is recorded as a labourer of Paratoo. He was buried at Burra on 4th May 1876 (SA 1876 Book 73 Page 204).

Elizabeth died of typhoid fever at Aberdeen less than two weeks later on 14th May 1876 (SA 1876 Book 73 Page 234). Her death was reported by her brother-in-law Edwin Myers, a coach driver of Aberdeen. Elizabeth was buried at Burra on 15th May 1876 aged 35 years.

1.3.3.1.  ~~  Annie Elizabeth Alchin

Annie was born at Clare on 18th March 1858 (SA 1858 Book 15 Page 483). She was baptised at Clare on 10th October 1858. Annie married Edwin Thomas Angel at Head Station, Workengoree near Burra on 11th February 1875 (SA 1875 Book 102 Page 440). Edwin was born at Bothenhampton in Dorset the son of Robert Angel and Sarah Benedicter. He was baptised at Bridport, Dorset on 19th September 1845.

Annie Alchin & Edwin Angel

Elizabeth Angel with her baby brother (Robert ?)

Left: Annie Alchin & Edwin Angel; Right: Elizabeth Angel with her baby brother (Robert ?)

Annie was only 16 years old at the time of her marriage. Edwin and Annie had six children – Elizabeth (1875), Henry (1877), Robert (1879), Alfred (1881), Charlotte (1883) and Harriett (1886).

Edwin died at Kapunda on 9th December 1920 aged 73 years. Annie died of cancer at Kapunda on 15th December 1921 aged 63 years.

Elizabeth Angel & Charles Kitson

Elizabeth Kitson at her grandson’s wedding at Adelaide in 1961

 Left: Elizabeth Angel & Charles Kitson on their wedding day; Right: Elizabeth Kitson at her grandson’s wedding at Adelaide in 1961

1.3.3.1.1  ~~  Elizabeth Charlotte Angel

Elizabeth (Bessie) was born at Terowrie on 6th December 1875 (SA 1875 Book 160 Page 22). She married Charles Richard Kitson at the Wesleyan Church, Riverton in South Australia on 13th February 1894 (SA 1894 Book 178 Page 567). Charles was born at Inman, SA on 9th August 1868 (SA 1868 Book 66 Page 352), the son of William Thomas Kitson and Fanny Stacey.

Charles and Elizabeth had thirteen children – George (1894), Gilbert (1895), Una (1897), Reginald (1898), Daisy (1899), Elma (1901), Leslie (1903), Elsie (1905), Marjorie (1908), Alice (1910), Dorothy (1912), Valerie (1914) and Winifred (1917). Charles died at 34 Hardy’s Road, Torrensville on 31st October 1937 aged 69 years. Elizabeth died of a cerebral haemmorhage and hypertension at College Park, Adelaide on 23rd July 1965 aged 89 years.

1.3.3.1.1.1  ~~  George William Kitson

George was born near Saddleworth in South Australia on 1st December 1894 (SA 1894 Book 555 Page 7). George married Mylinda Harriett Daniell at St Paul’s church, Adelaide on 21st February 1931.

Mylinda was born at Mitcham, SA on 18th August 1898.

Mylinda died on 20th October 1953 aged 55 years. George died at Torrensville in Adelaide on 13th June 1966 aged 71 years. He was buried in Centennial Park cemetery, Adelaide on 15th June 1966.

1.3.3.1.1.2  ~~  Gilbert Ray Kitson

Gilbert was born at Saddleworth on 3rd December 1895 (SA 1895 Book 575 Page 353). He died from convulsions brought on by diarrhea at Saddleworth aged 2 years on 20th March 1898 (SA 1898 Book 250 Page 453). Gilbert was buried in the Saddleworth general cemetery on 22nd March 1898.

1.3.3.1.1.3  ~~  Una Sylvia Kitson

Una was born near Saddleworth on 24th January 1897 (SA 1897 Book 598 Page 237). She married Arthur Edwin Scroop at Pinnaroo Methodist church on 15th March 1927. Arthur was born on 30th March 1893. Arthur and Una had two children – Claire and Betty. Arthur died at Mount Gambier on 4th February 1972 aged 78 years. Una died aged 80 years on 3rd August 1977.

1.3.3.1.1.4  ~~  Reginald Edwin Kitson

Reginald was born at Saddleworth on 24th March 1898 (SA 1898 Book 620 Page 191). He married Elsie Doris Himmler at Maughan church, Adelaide on 19th January 1929 but they later divorced. Elsie was born at Walloway, SA on 23rd April 1899, the daughter of Johann Christien Wilhelm Himmler and Anna Elise Fichtner.

Reginald and Elsie had two children – Graham and Ray. Elsie died at Adelaide on 4th April 1970 aged 70 years. She was buried at Hahndorf on 6th April 1970. Reginald died at Allora Nursing Home, Woodville West aged 85 years on 5th September 1983. He was buried in the Cheltenham general cemetery on 8th September 1983.

1.3.3.1.1.5  ~~  Daisy Gweneth Kitson

Daisy was born at Saddleworth on 9th September 1899 (SA 1899 Book 646 Page 441). She drowned at Saddleworth aged only 6 years on 26th November 1905 (SA 1905 Book 313 Page 489). Daisy was buried at Saddleworth general cemetery on 30th November 1905.

1.3.3.1.1.6  ~~  Elma Bessie Kitson

Elma was born at Saddleworth on 3rd November 1901 (SA 1901 Book 686 Page 8). Elma never married and she died at Adelaide on 12th May 1998 aged 96 years. Elma was buried at Cheltenham on 15th May 1998.

1.3.3.1.1.7  ~~  Leslie Charles Kitson

Leslie was born at Saddleworth on 16th August 1903 (SA 1903 Book 717 Page 161). He married firstly Laurel Robina Priess at Scots Church, North Terrace, Adelaide on 30th April 1932. However Laurel died at Adelaide on 2nd March 1938 aged 31 years. She was buried at Cheltenham on 3rd March 1938. Leslie and Laurel had no children.

Leslie married secondly Doris Mabel Evelyn Crettenden. Doris was born at Carey Gully, SA on 8th June 1909 and she was the daughter of William Crettenden and Ethel Amy Wickham. Leslie and Doris had one child – Leslie. Leslie Kitson senior died aged 66 years on 30th October 1969. Doris died on 1st June 1990.

1.3.3.1.1.8  ~~  Elsie Mabel Kitson

Elsie was born at Saddleworth on 25th January 1905 (SA 1905 Book 757 Page 346). She married Alexander James Brokenshire at Holder Memorial Methodist church, Mile End in Adelaide on 22nd November 1930. Alexander was born at Broken Hill, NSW on 28th January 1901 (NSW 1901/1963) and he was the son of William Brokenshire and Catherine Bear who married at Broken Hill in 1899.

Alexander and Elsie had two children – Ken and Alan. Elsie died aged 93 years on 4th November 1998 in Ashford Hospital. She was cremated and her ashes scattered in Centennial Park, Adelaide.

1.3.3.1.1.9  ~~  Marjorie Hilda Kitson

Marjorie was born at Pinnaroo on 16th March 1908. She married Leo Joseph Matthew at Queen of Angels Catholic church, South Road, Thebarton SA on 4th June 1934. Leo was born at Aveland Avenue, Norwood SA on 19th April 1902, the son of James Matthew and Mary Flynn.

Marjorie and Leo had two children – Joan and Robert. Unfortunately Leo died at Victor Harbour, SA on 9th September 1937 aged only 35 years. Marjorie died at Walkerville, SA aged 86 years on 2nd January 1995.

1.3.3.1.1.10  ~~  Alice May Kitson

Alice was born at Saddleworth on 19th May 1910. She married Raymond Walter Miller at the Methodist Manse, 84 Prince Street, Alberton, SA on 28th November 1931. Raymond was born in North Adelaide on 9th February 1912. Alice and Raymond had two children – Margaret and Trevor.

Alice died at Adelaide aged 66 years on 1st November 1976. She was buried at Cheltenham on 3rd November 1976. Raymond died on 25th March 1991 aged 79 years.

1.3.3.1.1.11  ~~  Dorothy Adeline Kitson

Dorothy was born at Nurse Higginson’s Private Hospital, Pinnaroo on 20th March 1912. She married Howard Percy Butler at Holder Methodist Church, Mile End in Adelaide on 20th July 1940. Howard was born on 13th February 1918, the son of Frederick Ernest Butler and Mabel Olive Marshall.

Howard and Dorothy had four children – Dean, Ian, Brian and Wayne. Howard died at North Adelaide on 21st September 1988 aged 70 years. Dorothy died at Adelaide on 3rd January 1990 aged 77 years. She was buried at Cheltenham.

1.3.3.1.1.12  ~~  Valerie Jean Kitson

Valerie was born at Nurse Higginson’s Private Hospital, Pinnaroo on 17th December 1914. Valerie had a child – Janice. Valerie died at Perth on 13th June 1979 aged 64 years and she was buried at Cheltenham with other members of her family.

1.3.3.1.1.13  ~~  Winifred Mavis Kitson

Winifred was born at Nurse Higginson’s Private Hospital, Pinnaroo on 26th December 1917. She married Reginald Victor Snowden on 27th May 1939. Reginald was born on 12th October 1913. Reginald and Winifred had three children – Lynette, Judith and Malcolm. Reginald died on 17th December 1966. Winifred died aged 63 years on 2nd January 1981. She was buried at Cheltenham.

1.3.3.1.2  ~~  Henry Alchin Angel

Henry was born at Minyibie near Burra on 21st August 1877 (SA 1877 Book 187 Page 331). He married firstly Ada Elizabeth Lambert at the Baptist Church, Tea Tree Gully on 11th June 1907 (SA 1907 Book 231 Page 1386). Ada was born at Hermitage, SA on 14th December 1881, the daughter of George Lambert.

Henry married secondly Charlotte Curyer on 10th October 1942. Charlotte was born at Mannanarie on 14th August 1887. Henry died on 22nd July 1968 aged 90 years.

1.3.3.1.3  ~~  Robert Anthony Angel

Robert was born at Ulooloo near Burra on 18th August 1879 (SA 1879 Book 225 Page 318). He married Olive Frances Margaret Emily Rosella Olman at the residence of W.G. Lowrie at Whyte near Yarcowie district of Clare on 28th November 1912 (SA 1912 Book 253 Page 680). Olive was born near Copperhouse, SA on 22nd March 1887 the daughter of John Olman and Polly Smith.

Robert and Olive had one child – Kenneth. Robert died on 31st August 1968 aged 89 years.

1.3.3.1.3.1  ~~  Kenneth Robert Edwin Angel

Kenneth died on 1st September 1993.

1.3.3.1.4  ~~  Alfred Albion Angel

Alfred was born at Hallett near Burra on 11th October 1881 (SA 1881 Book 270 Page 206). He married Lucy Edgeloe at the Methodist church, Saddleworth on 13th November 1907 (SA 1907 Book 233 Page 842). Lucy was born at Willow Plains, SA on 28th July 1886, the daughter of John Edgeloe and Ann Williamson. They had one child who died at a young age – Isabella (1911).

Lucy died at Kapunda on 28th May 1926 aged 39 years. Alfred died at Adelaide on 6th July 1940 aged 58 years.

1.3.3.1.4.1  ~~  Isabella Jane Angel

Isabella was born in February 1911 and she died at Thebarton on 15th May 1911 aged only 10 weeks (SA 1911 Book 357 Page 116).

1.3.3.1.5  ~~  Charlotte Angel

Charlotte was born at Ulooloo near Burra on 29th May 1883 (SA 1883 Book 307 Page 428). She had two children – Daphne (1901) and Mercie (1903). Charlotte married firstly Johann Traugott Schmidt at her father’s house at Florieton on 27th August 1907 (SA 1907 Book 232 Page 989). Johann was born at Peters Hill, SA on 3rd March 1862, the son of Andreas Schmidt and Maria Nowsch.

Johann and Charlotte had one child – Mavis (1921). Johann died on 30th August 1934 aged 72 years and he was buried at West Terrace cemetery, Adelaide. Charlotte then married Hedley George Davy at Norwood on 30th July 1935. Hedley was born at Kensington, SA on 27th February 1892.

1.3.3.1.5.1  ~~  Daphne Angel

Daphne was born at Saddleworth on 11th June 1901. She was baptised at Panchartoo, SA on 6th November 1905. Daphne married Leslie Edmeades Tolhurst at the Methodist Manse, Goodwood, SA on 5th September 1928. Leslie was born at Gringham, SA. Daphne and Leslie had three children – Malcolm, Patricia and Audrey.

Daphne died at Adelaide on 17th August 1962 aged 61 years. She was buried at Centennial Park cemetery, Adelaide on 20th August 1962.

1.3.3.1.5.2  ~~  Mercie Kearne Angel

Mercie was born at Caplain Maternity Hospital, Carrington Street, Adelaide on 22nd November 1903. Mercie married Robert Burns Taylor at Brighton, SA on 26th January 1924. Robert was born on 26th September 1904. Robert and Mercie had four children – Rosalie, Russell, Elizabeth and Madge. Mercie died at Adelaide on 29th January 1982. She was cremated at Centennial Park crematorium, Adelaide.

1.3.3.1.5.3  ~~  Mavis Gillen Schmidt

Mavis was born at Morgan, SA on 16th January 1921. She married and had two children.

1.3.3.1.6  ~~  Harriett Angel

Harriett, known as Hettie, was born at Saddleworth on 1st May 1886 (SA 1886 Book 374 Page 126). She had one child – Sidney (1905). Harriett died at Broken Hill in NSW, just short of her 21st birthday, on 25th March 1907.

1.3.3.1.6.1  ~~  Sidney Angel

Sidney was born at Saddleworth on 31st July 1905 (SA 1905 Book 751 Page 195). He was baptised at Panchartoo, SA on 6th November 1905.

1.3.3.2  ~~  Charlotte Emily Alchin

Charlotte was born at Bundaleer on 29th May 1859 (SA 1859 Book 15 Page 483). Charlotte was baptised at Clare on 26th May 1860 and no doubt she was named after her paternal grandmother, Charlotte Alchin nee Mosto. She had a natural child – William (1882) but neither she nor her baby survived for long.

Charlotte Emily Alchin died from peritonitis and childbirth at Hallett aged 22 years on 29th January 1882 (SA 1882 Book 117 Page 285). She was buried 2 days later at Hallett on 31st January 1882.

1.3.3.2.1  ~~  William Neil Alchin

William was born at Hallett on 29th January 1882. His mother died the same day but he survived for a further three weeks. William died at Hallett on 19th February 1882 (SA 1882 Book 118 Page 151) and he was buried at Hallett the same day.

1.3.3.3  ~~  Albert Anthony Alchin

Albert was born at Clare on 31st July 1860 (SA 1860 Book 19 Page 487). He was baptised at Clare on 2nd December 1860. Albert died at Clare at the age of 9 months on 29th April 1861 (SA 1861 Book 13 Page 154). The cause of death was given as simply “infant death” and he probably died from convulsions. Albert was buried at Clare on 1st May 1861.

1.3.3.4  ~~  William Alchin

William was born at Hahndorf on 9th November 1861 (SA 1861 Book 20 Page 214). He was baptised at Holy Trinity church, Melrose on 25th June 1863. William married Annie Margaret Talbot at the residence of Mrs Dansie at Wirrabarra near Frome on 15th January 1883 (SA 1883 Book 134 Page 300). Annie was born at Wirrabarra on 31st October 1865, the daughter of Henry Talbot (1822 – 1912) and Susannah Hobbs (1823 – 1911) who were married at Hungerford, Berkshire on 27th September 1851.

William and Annie had eleven children – Charlotte (1884), Alice (1886), Albert (1888), Dora (1890), Eva (1891), Olive (1894), William (1896), Hilda (1899), John (1903), Alan (1906) and Wilfred (1907). Annie died at Jamestown on 5th March 1938 aged 72 years. William died at Jamestown on 22nd June 1940 aged 78 years. They were both buried at Jamestown.

Bill & Annie Alchin

Bill & Annie Alchin's five sons

Left: Bill & Annie Alchin; Right: Their five sons

1.3.3.4.1  ~~  Charlotte Elizabeth Alchin

Charlotte, known as Lottie, was born at Jamestown on 23rd May 1884 (SA 1884 Book 327 Page 57). Charlotte was baptised at St James’ church, Jamestown on 7th July 1884 and she was probably named after her paternal great grandmother Charlotte Alchin nee Mosto. Charlotte married David John Hayes at her father’s house at Hallett on 22nd October 1899 (SA 1899 Book 201 Page 281). David was born at Burra on 22nd September 1875.

Charlotte and David had ten children – Elizabeth (1900), Kathleen (1901), Charlotte (1903), Ruby (1905), Rita (1907), Arthur (1909), Ivy (1911), Doris (1913), William (1915) and Elsie (1916). David and Charlotte divorced after the birth of their youngest child. Charlotte next married William Thomas John Henry Olman in 1920. William was born at Copperhouse near Burra on 19th January 1889. William and Charlotte had one child – Gladys. Charlotte died in 1962.

1.3.3.4.1.1  ~~  Elizabeth Margaret Hayes

Elizabeth was born at Hallett on 8th March 1900 (SA 1900 Book 655 Page 404). She married Henry John Kuchenmeister (later changed to Kitchenmaster) at Clare on 17th October 1920. He was born at Charleston, SA on 16th November 1898. Henry and Elizabeth had six children – Arthur, Melvin, Cyril, Colin, June and Nelson. Elizabeth died on 20th April 1974 aged 74 years. 

1.3.3.4.1.2  ~~  Kathleen Hayes

Kathleen was born at Burra on 6th October 1901 (SA 1901 Book 683 Page 308). She married a man called Campbell and they had one child – Dawn. Kathleen died at Cheltenham on 6th August 1974 aged 72 years.

1.3.3.4.1.3  ~~  Charlotte Elizabeth Hayes

Charlotte was born at Mongalata near Burra, SA on 30th March 1903 (SA 1903 Book 709 Page 111). She died aged 13 or 14 years in 1917.

1.3.3.4.1.4  ~~  Ruby Grace Hayes

Ruby was born at Redruth near Burra, SA on 23rd June 1905 (SA 1905 Book 749 Page 333). She married Clarence Hubert Wheeler at Burra on 17th August 1929. Clarence was born at Fullarton, SA on 29th May 1905. During World War II, Clarence enlisted in the army at Maribyrnong, Victoria on 27th July 1942. He served as a Private (V370119) in the 24th Battalion Volunteer Defence Force.

Ruby and Clarence had two children – Pamela and Helene.

1.3.3.4.1.5  ~~  Rita May Hayes

Rita was born in South Australia on 18th January 1907. She married Cornelius Patrick Duggan in 1925. Cornelius was born at Dawson, SA on 5th March 1900.

Rita and Cornelius had three children – Charlie, Jean and Barbara. Rita then married Ken Anderson some time after 1927 and she had a further child to him.

1.3.3.4.1.6  ~~  Arthur David Hayes

Arthur was born in South Australia on 5th November 1909. He married Clarice and they had three children – Malcolm, Allan and Helen.

1.3.3.4.1.7  ~~  Ivy Monica Hayes

Ivy was born at Burra on 20th January 1911. She married Clyde Henry James Moore. He was born at Kooringa on 3rd September 1910. Clyde enlisted in the 2nd A.I.F. at Nmorwood on 25th June 1940. He was posted as a Private (SX6741) to the 2/10th Infantry Battalion and he saw service in the Western Desert and the Pacific. Clyde was discharged from the army on 15th February 1945.

Clyde and Ivy had seven children – Elva, Kathleen, Marion, Steven, Janine, Raelene and Claude. Ivy died on 30th May 1975 aged 64 years. Clyde died on 8th April 1981 aged 70 years. Both Ivy and Clyde were buried at Cheltenham.

1.3.3.4.1.8  ~~  Doris Evelyn Hayes

Doris was born at Burra on 13th April 1913. She married Tom Penno and they had two children – Julie and Darryl.

1.3.3.4.1.9  ~~  William Lloyd Hayes

William was born in South Australia in 1915.

1.3.3.4.1.10  ~~  Elsie Cordelia Hayes

Elsie was born in South Australia on 2nd December 1916. She married Clarence Arnold Dunning in 1935. Clarence was born at Moonta near Jamestown on 19th May 1912. Clarence enlisted in the Volunteer Defence Force (S7610) very early in the war on 14th February 1939 at Jamestown.

Elsie and Clarence had five children – Elsie, Shirley, Clarence, Helen and Gloria. Elsie died in 1964 and Clarence the following year in 1965.

1.3.3.4.2  ~~  Alice Alchin

Alice was born at Woodside, SA on 28th January 1886 (SA 1886 Book 367 Page 177). She had a daughter  – May (1905). The baby only survived for one day. Alice later married Stephen John Phillips before 1916 (SA Book 228 Page 128).

1.3.3.4.2.1  ~~  May Alchin

May was born at Adelaide on 12th February 1905 (SA 1905 Book 742 Page 30). The baby died the following day and she was buried at West Terrace cemetery, Adelaide on 16th February 1905 (SA 1905 Book 308 Page 131).

1.3.3.4.3  ~~  Albert Anthony Atwood Alchin

Albert, known as Bert, was born at Wonna near Burra on 29th June 1888 (SA 1888 Book 418 Page 367). Albert married Julia Cordelia Olman at the residence of his cousin Robert Anthony Angel at Laura, SA on 11th November 1914 (SA 1914 Book 261 Page 411). Julia was born at Wonna on 9th November 1893.

Albert and Julia had three children – Ronald (1915), Thelma and Elva. Albert died in South Australia on 9th September 1957 aged 69 years. Julia died at Port Pirie on 25th May 1970 aged 76 years.

Ron Alchin in 1934

Ron Alchin during World War 2

Ron Alchin in 1934 and right during World War 2

1.3.3.4.3.1   ~~  Ronald Albert Alchin

Ronald was born at Mount Bryan in South Australia on 30th December 1915. Ronald enlisted in the Australian Army at Adelaide on 18th April 1943 (SX19403). Ronald was a sapper in the Engineers and he was discharged on 29th August 1946.

Ronald married Muriel May Gale; she was born on 5th December 1917. Ronald and Muriel had two daughters – Bronte and Glenys. Muriel died at Port Pirie on 2nd February 2002.

1.3.3.4.3.2   ~~  Thelma Alchin

Thelma was born in South Australia around the end of World War One. She later married Ernest Brown.

1.3.3.4.3.3   ~~  Elva Alchin

Elva was born in South Australia around 1920. Elva married Horace Uma and they had three children – John, Robert and Julie.

1.3.3.4.4   ~~  Dora Alchin

Dora was born at Wonna near Burra on 7th June 1890 (SA 1890 Book 459 Page 436). She married William George Lowrie at her father’s house at Yarcowie, SA on 25th November 1911 (SA 1911 Book 249 Page 663).

1.3.3.4.5   ~~  Eva Maud Alchin

Eva was born at Terowrie, SA on 21st November 1891 (SA 1891 Book 491 Page 13). She married Cyril Montgomery Dunstan at the residence of Joseph Virgin at Quorn, SA on 6th August 1909 (SA 1909 Book 240 Page 284). He was born at Aberdeen, SA on 31st January 1884.

Cyril and Eva had nine children – Edna (1911), Cyril (1913), Hazel (1915), Valara (1917), Eva (1921), Evelyn (1923), Ivan (1926), Spencer (1926) and Gwendoline (1927). Eva and Cyril divorced and she later married Frank Barfield.

1.3.3.4.5.1   ~~  Edna May Dunstan

Edna was born on 2nd April 1911. She married Harold Howard Hillin about 1930 and they had four children – Alice, Alleen, Sydney and Julie. Edna died on 12th March 1973 aged 62 years.

1.3.3.4.5.2   ~~  Cyril Glen Dunstan

Cyril was born in about 1913. He married Dulcie and they had three children – Eric, Jennifer and Trevor.

1.3.3.4.5.3   ~~  Hazel Irene Dunstan

Hazel was born at Broken Hill on 2nd June 1915. She married Alfred Talbot on 4th August 1934. Alfred was born at Crystal Brook, South Australia on 15th July 1909. Alfred and Hazel had eight children – Ronald, Ivan, Bryan, Patricia, Veronica, Michelle, Pamela and Clifton.

Alfred died on 31st March 1961 aged only 51 years. Hazel died on 25th December 1980 aged 65 years.

1.3.3.4.5.4   ~~  Valara Audrey Dunstan

Valara was born in about 1917, possibly at Broken Hill. She married Tom Barnett and they had three children – Joyce, Jean and Laurence.

1.3.3.4.5.5   ~~  Eva Ann Dunstan

Eva was born on 26th February 1921. She married Bill Hirschausen and they had nine children – Margaret, Barbara, William, Geoffrey, Brian, Kay, Sally, Annette and Sandra.

1.3.3.4.5.6   ~~  Evelyn Rae Dunstan

Evelyn was born on 8th October 1923. She married Peter Smale and they had at least three children – Bonita, Phyllis and Sharon.

1.3.3.4.5.7   ~~  Ivan Henry Dunstan

Ivan and his twin brother Spencer were born in 1926. Spencer married Nancy and they had four children – Ivan, Allen, Maureen and Annette.

1.3.3.4.5.8   ~~  Spencer Darwin Dunstan

Spencer and his twin brother Ivan were born in 1926 (at Darwin?). Spencer married Lynn and they had three children – John, Dianne and Gregory. Spencer died on 11th August 1977 aged 51 years.

1.3.3.4.5.9   ~~  Gwendoline Josephine Dunstan

Gwendoline was born in about 1927.

1.3.3.4.6   ~~  Olive Eveleen Alchin

Olive was born at Wirrabarra Forest near Frome on 22nd March 1894 (SA 1894 Book 540 Page 247). She married her cousin William Edward Couzner at the Methodist Parsonage, Jamestown on 19th December 1914 (SA 1914 Book 261 Page 758). William was born at Mount Morgan on 10th June 1890, the son of Stephen Richard Couzner (1857 – 1943) and Jane Elizabeth Talbot (1859 – 1935) who were married at Appila, South Australia on 10th October 1878.

Olive and William had at least seven children – Lionel (1915 - 1982), Kenneth (1917 - 1988), Avis (1922), Elina (1924), Laurel (1926), Hilda (1929) and Alan (1933 – 2000). William died at Jamestown on 7th September 1963 aged 73 years. Olive died at Kensington Park in Adelaide on 18th September 1975 aged 81 years. She was buried at Jamestown on 20th September 1975.

1.3.3.4.6.1   ~~  Lionel Benjamin Couzner

Lionel was born at Jamestown on 9th March 1915. He enlisted in the militia at Jamestown on 3rd March 1941. Lionel was posted to the 30th Infantry Battalion as a Private (S33573). Soon afterwards Lionel married Pearl Elizabeth Williams on 14th June 1941. Pearl was born at Jamestown on 26th September 1925.

Lionel was discharged from the army on 18th March 1946. He and Pearl had eight children – Brenda, Trevor, Robert, Dianne, Marilyn, Darrell, Leon and Nigel. Pearl died at Jamestown on 26th June 1962 aged only 36 years. Lionel died at Tailem Bend on 1st October 1982 aged 67 years.

1.3.3.4.6.2   ~~  Kenneth Hartley Couzner

Kenneth was born at Jamestown on 12th October 1917. He married Elsie Everline Dunning and they had one child – Leon.

Elsie was born at Port Pirie on 6th December 1926. She died at Jamestown on 29th October 1979 aged 52 years. Kenneth died at Adelaide on 22nd January 1988 aged 70 years.

Alice (b1886)  & Dora (b1890) Alchin

Alan Alchin b1906

William Alchin b1896

Left: Alice (b1886)  & Dora (b1890) Alchin; Middle: Alan Alchin b1906;
Right: William Alchin b1896

1.3.3.4.7   ~~  William Arnold James Alchin

William, known as Battler, was born at Wirrabarra Forest on 29th November 1896 (SA 1896 Book 598 Page 150). He married Tottie Edmunds Stokes at Clare on 25th April 1931. Tottie was born at Adelaide on 29th April 1911. William and Tottie had twelve children – Douglas, Norma, Margaret, Selina, Gordon, Elizabeth, Janice, Elsie, Gladys, Helen, Anthea and Sharon.

William died at Port Pirie on 15th May 1961 aged 64 years. Tottie died at Port Pirie on 9th December 1985 aged 74 years. They were both buried at Port Pirie cemetery.

1.3.3.4.8   ~~  Hilda Margaret Alchin

Hilda was born at Hallett, SA on 20th September 1899 (SA 1899 Book 647 Page 193). She died at Hallett aged only 2 & ½ years on 16th February 1900 (SA 1900 Book 268 Page 57). Hilda was buried at Hallett the following day.

1.3.3.4.9   ~~  John Henry Clarence Alchin

John was born at Belalie near Clare, SA on 24th February 1903 (SA 1903 Book 709 Page 8). He married Thelma Lilla Harriett Webb at Nairne, SA on 14th September 1925. John was fatally injured in a circular saw accident at Jamestown on 1st February 1927 aged 23 years. He was buried at Jamestown on 3rd February 1927. Thelma subsequently married William Ernest Jury at Murray Bridge on 3rd August 1929.

Wilfred Alchin 1907

William (b 1896) & Albert Anthony ( b 1888) Alchin

Left: Wilfred Alchin 1907; Right: William (b 1896) & Albert Anthony ( b 1888) Alchin

1.3.3.4.10   ~~  Alan Arthur Charles Alfred Alchin

Alan was born at Hallett on 21st September 1906 (SA 1906 Book 771 Page 418). He married Olive May Irene Gay at St James’ church, Jamestown on 12th June 1926. She was born on 6th September 1906. Alan and Olive had seven children – Olive, Mervyn (born at Jamestown on 24th November 1926 and served in the RAAF in WW2), Lawrence, Malcolm, Caroline, Lionel and Betty. Olive died on 17th December 1939 aged 33 years.

Alan then married Violet Pearl Ledgard on 21st December 1940. Violet was born at Melrose, SA on 23rd January 1924. Allen and Violet had three children – Kenneth, Jeffrey and Heather. Alan died at Jamestown on 2nd July 1963 aged 56 years. He was buried at Jamestown on 4th July 1963.

1.3.3.4.11   ~~  Wilfred Herbert Thomas Frank Alchin

Wilfred was born on 1st November 1907, possibly at Hallett (there is no surviving record of his registration of birth). He married Clara Beatrice Couzner on 22nd January 1927. Clara was born at Jamestown on 9th April 1910. Wilfred and Clara had six children – Robert, Rhonda, Beryl, Raymond, Colin and Trevor.

Clara died at Jamestown on 22nd April 1962 aged 52 years. Wilfred died at Jamestown on 13th May 1983 aged 75 years. He was buried at Jamestown on 15th May 1983.

1.3.3.5   ~~  Anthony D. Alchin

Anthony was born at Hahndorf on 28th January 1863 (SA 1863 Book 27 Page 80). He was baptised at Holy Trinity church, Melrose on 25th June 1863. Anthony married Lillie Jane Brooks at the Presbyterian Manse, Port Augusta on 10th April 1893 (SA 1893 Book 175 Page 207). Lillie was born in Canada on 9th July 1872 the daughter of Henry Brooks.

Anthony and Lillie had four children – Henry (1894), Stephen (1897), Lilian (1906) and Marjorie (1911). Lillie died at Kapunda on 10th November 1945 aged 73 years. Anthony died at Kapunda on 13th May 1955 aged 92 years. They are both buried in the Kapunda general cemetery.

1.3.3.5.1   ~~  Henry Atwood Alchin

Henry was born at Laura, SA on 4th May 1894 (SA 1894 Book 542 Page 221). After leaving school Henry was apprenticed as a printer to the Kapunda Herald. He served in the Senior Cadets and later the 79th Infantry Battalion of the Citizen Forces (Militia). Henry enlisted in the 1st A.I.F. at Keswick on 3rd June 1915 and he was assigned to the 27th Infantry Battalion with the regimental number 2102. There is some evidence that Henry may have tried to enlist under a false name (H.A. Atwood) due to his being under-age.

Henry’s attestation sheet gives his physical description: Height 5’ 6”; weight 124 lbs; dark complexion, grey eyes and brown hair. He followed the Methodist faith. Henry left Australia with the 4th reinforcements to the 27th Battalion and spent some time in Egypt undergoing further training. He was sent to Gallipoli but the evacuation had commenced and he was disembarked at Mudros on 21st December 1915. Henry and his unit returned to Alexandria on 11th January 1916 without seeing any action.

The 27th Battalion was sent to France to fight on the Western Front and one of their first major battles was at Pozieres. The 27th and 28th Battalions were responsible for the capture of the site of the windmill (the author has a small piece of cement from the ruins of the windmill) on Pozieres Heights on 4th August 1916. Sometime during that day Henry suffered a bruised back, probably from being buried by a shell. After a short time recovering he was back with his battalion by 16th August 1916.

The battalion was sent to Belgium to recover its strength and Henry was promoted to Lance Corporal on 11th September 1916. Henry was wounded again at the Battle of Flers on 5th November 1916. He was evacuated to England on 15th November 1916 suffering from a gun shot wound to his left shoulder. C.E.W Bean’s “History of Australia in the First World War” (Volume 3 pages 911-915) gives some information on the efforts of the 27th Battalion on that day:

“….shortly before dawn, as the 25th Battalion, which was to assault the projecting triangle known as “The Maze” had not arrived, General Paton determined to substitute for it the reserve companies of his two flanking battalions (27th and 28th)…….the men were desperately weary and short of rations but the day was bright and clear, the wind a cool gale, the barrage prompt and good. On the other hand the task of getting the 7th Brigade into the line in time for this offensive had been too hurried to permit of thorough preparation.”

The orders had been bungled and there was a lack of co-ordination between the artillery and infantry. Also the maps had been incorrectly marked and the trench system known as the Maze was not bombarded at all. The result was that the artillery barrage moved too far ahead of the infantry and the German defenders were able to take up their positions once the barrage moved over them.

“…Other grey helmets quickly appeared in growing numbers as the German sentries warned the garrisons. In the Maze – opposite the Australian centre – clusters of the enemy could from the first be seen firing with all their energy into the advancing lines on either side of them…… The right battalion (27th) had, like the rest, first seen the Germans 200 yards away busily preparing to resist. On its left about the Maze the enemy was thick, and throughout the advance machine-guns fired from there and from a distant trench on the left front..”

Henry’s wound was sufficiently serious to ensure that he would not be returned to active duty. He left England on HMAT “A71” on 22nd July 1917 and he reached Australia on 21st September 1917. Henry was discharged from the Army on 12th December 1917. He married Ella Gertruth Linke at Barossa, SA on 30th May 1923. She was born on 16th April 1900.

Henry and Ella had two children – Enid and Jeanette. The last record on Henry’s war service file is a Repatriation claim he made at Adelaide on 6th May 1944. Henry died at Waikerie, SA on 20th September 1955 aged 61 years. Ella died at Waikerie aged about 74 years on 7th May 1974. They were both buried at Waikerie cemetery.

1.3.3.5.2   ~~  Stephen Anthony Alchin

Stephen was born at Port Augusta on 10th March 1897 (SA 1897 Book 600 Page 158). He enlisted in the Army during World War One but he does not appear to have been sent overseas (more research is required). Stephen died at Adelaide aged 70 years on 14th March 1967.

1.3.3.5.3   ~~  Lilian Brooks Alchin

Lilian was born at Kapunda on 14th October 1906 (SA 1906 Book 773 Page 68). Lilian enlisted in the Australian Army during World War 2 as a nurse,  eventually reaching the rank of Captain (SX11709). She enlisted at Woodside on 7th February 1941 and at the time of her discharge on 16th January 1947 Lilian was serving with 109th Australian General Hospital.

1.3.3.5.4   ~~  Marjorie Elizabeth Alchin

Marjorie was born at Kapunda on 23rd July 1911. She married Bruce Melvin Goerecke at Kapunda on 28th May 1932. They had one child – Maureen. Bruce was born at Moonta on 13th September 1909. He enlisted in the Army at Noarlunga (at the time he was living at McLaren Vale) on 19th January 1942 and he served as a signalman (S47647).

 

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